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Checking Ethanol in Several Pharmaceutical Formulations Using Two Different Enzyme Sensor Methods Working by Different Formats

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Mauro Tomassetti*, Sheila Pellegrini, Riccardo Angeloni, Giovanni Merola and Luigi Campanella   Pages 543 - 551 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Introduction: The modern analytical demand requires fast, inexpensive and easy convey methods, therefore several sensor and biosensor methods have been developed.

Methods: In this context two different enzyme electrodes for the determination of ethanol were assembled by the authors, immobilizing alcohol oxidase or catalase in a k-Carrageenan gel layer overlapping an amperometric gaseous diffusion Clark type oxygen electrode. The two enzyme sensors used different formats, as the alcohol oxidase biosensor was a conventional direct enzyme sensor, while the catalase biosensor was based on the antagonism of a different substrate for the same enzyme. The response of the two biosensors toward standard solution of ethanol was recorded, compared and discussed.

Conclusion: Finally, by using the fabricated biosensors, ethanol concentrations of several pharmaceutical formulations were determined and the results, obtained with two enzyme electrodes, were compared. The precision of the two methods on pharmaceutical samples was comparable and recovery tests on real matrices were satisfactory for both the biosensors, however in the applications to pharmaceutical formulations the alcohol oxidase biosensor seems to be more reliable.

Keywords:

Ethanol, analysis, pharmaceutical formulations, two new enzymatic biosensors, catalase, alcohol oxidase.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, p.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Department of Chemistry, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, p.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Department of Chemistry, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, p.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Department of Chemistry, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, p.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Department of Chemistry, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, p.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome

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