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Far Infrared-Assisted Sample Extraction and Solvent Removal for Capillary Electrophoretic Determination of the Bioactive Constituents in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium

Author(s):

Yan Zhang, Luyan Zhang and Gang Chen*   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Sample preparation is crucially important for the capillary electrophoretic measurement of the bioactive constituents in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium because conventional solvent extraction is time-consuming and the solvent peaks seriously interfere with the measured capillary electropherograms.

Objective: The objective of the present study is to establish far infrared-assisted sample preparation approaches for the analysis of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium.

Method: Synephrine and hesperidin in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium were determined by capillary electrophoresis in combination with far infrared-assisted sample extraction and solvent removal.

Results: The effects of detection potentials, irradiation times and the voltages applied to the infrared generator were investigated to acquire the optimal assay conditions. Synephrine and hesperidin could be well separated within 6 min at a separation voltage of 9 kV in an alkaline borate solution. Satisfactory linearity was observed over the concentration range of 0.001 to 1 mM with the detection limits of 0.43 and 0.52 ┬ÁM for synephrine and hesperidin, respectively. The results exhibited that far infrared irradiations could enhance efficiencies of sample extraction and solvent removal during the sample preparation of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium. The extraction time was significantly reduced to 6 min while the interference of the solvent peaks toward the electropherograms was eliminated.

Conclusion: Far infrared-accelerated extraction and solvent removal were employed in the capillary electrophoretic determination of the bioactive constituents in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium with satisfactory results. The ease, simplicity, efficiency and low cost of the novel sample preparation approaches indicate they may find a wide range of applications.

Keywords:

Capillary electrophoresis, far infrared irradiation, solvent extraction, solvent removal, amperometric detection, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium

Affiliation:

School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, 826 Zhangheng Road, Shanghai 201203, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, 826 Zhangheng Road, Shanghai 201203, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, 826 Zhangheng Road, Shanghai 201203



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