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Determination of Free Amino Acids in Banlangen Granule and its Fractions by Solid Phase Extraction Combined with Ion-pair High Performance Liquid Chromatography using a Corona-charged Aerosol Detector (SPE-HPLC-CAD)

Author(s):

Xiuyu Qian*, Lixing Nie, Zhong Dai and Shuangcheng Ma   Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Banlangen granules are broad-spectrum effective antiviral drugs, and have a large clinical demand in China. Free amino acid is one of the main antiviral active ingredients of Banlangen granules. The preprocessing of samples by the existing pre-column derivatization reversed-HPLC method is complicated. Therefore, determination of free amino acids (AAs) by underivatized ion-pair HPLC-CAD is advantageous for simplifying preparation process and improving sensitivity.

Objective: To better optimize AAs analysis methods, here, a sensitive SPE-HPLC-CAD method with a better resolution was established for the determination of underivatized AAs in Banlangen Granule for the first time.

Method: The analytes were separated only by HPLC using a Hypercarb column with gradient elution of solvent A (20 mM nonafluorovaleric Acid in water) and solvent B (0.3% trifluoroacetic acid in acetonitrile-0.3% trifluoroacetic acid in water (1:9, v/v)) at a flow rate of 0.15 mL/min. N2 gas pressure and evaporation temperature of CAD were held at a constant 58.6 psi and 60 ℃, respectively.

Results: This method was linear over the respective concentration range of six amino acids. The precision, accuracy, stability and recovery were satisfactory in all samples examined. And the method was successfully applied to determination of free amino acids in Banlangen granules and its fractions. The total contents of six amino acids in 28 batches of Banlangen Granule were between 1.36 mg/g-11.62 mg/g.

Conclusion: The proposed method could be a simple, accurate and sensitive alternative approach for the determination of free AAs in Banlangen Granule.

Keywords:

Amino acids, ion-pair HPLC, CAD, SPE, underivatized , determination

Affiliation:

Institute of traditional Chinese Medicine, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, Institute of traditional Chinese Medicine, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, Institute of traditional Chinese Medicine, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, Institute of traditional Chinese Medicine, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050



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