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A Review of the Occurrence of Pharmaceutical Compounds as Emerging Contaminants in Treated Wastewater and Aquatic Environments

Author(s):

Rahul Silori and Syed Mohammad Tauseef*  

Abstract:


In recent years, pharmaceutical compounds have emerged as potential contaminants in the aquatic matrices of the environment. High production, consumption, and limited removal through conventional treatment processes/wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are the major causes for the occurrence of pharmaceutical compounds in wastewater and aquatic environments worldwide. A number of studies report adverse health effects and risks to aquatic life and the ecosystem because of the presence of pharmaceutical compounds in the aquatic environment. This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of the occurrence of pharmaceutical compounds in treated wastewater from various WWTPs, surface water and groundwater bodies. Additionally, this review provides comprehensive information and pointers for research in wastewater treatment and waterbodies management.

Keywords:

Emerging contaminants, pharmaceutical compounds, treated wastewater, surface water, groundwater, Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs)

Affiliation:

HSE and Civil Engineering Department, UPES, Dehradun, 248001, Uttarakhand, HSE and Civil Engineering Department, UPES, Dehradun, 248001, Uttarakhand



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